The strong upward trend for biogas in Sweden looks set to continue. According to the Gas Barometer, the volume of biogas in the transmission network remains high, reaching 18.6 per cent during the first half of 2018. Demand is increasing in line with the growing number of companies that are opting to switch from natural gas to biogas.
The Gas Barometer indicates that the demand for biogas is continuing to strengthen among consumers and companies located along the gas transmission network. In 2017, the volume of biogas in the network was 10.4 per cent - three times the 2016 figure (3.6 per cent). Mid-year figures for 2018 show that the volume has risen to 18.6 per cent, confirming a pattern in line with the forecast presented by gas traders earlier this year. Including biogas supplied via the distribution networks linked to the transmission network, the total volume of biogas in the system is even higher at 22.4 per cent.
“This clear shift in interest is not only a reflection of the growing demand among consumers and companies for biogas, but also the fact that the gas transmission network is an effective means of transport, and that it has a vital role to play in the transition to a fossil-free alternative,” said Swedegas chief executive Johan Zettergren.
The Gas Barometer also reveals a dynamic trading pattern. Domestic production, measured via the Gas Barometer, has been stable. The majority of the biogas imported into Sweden continues to be produced in our neighbouring country Denmark, although we have noted an increase in imports from other European countries.
The positive trend for biogas is confirmed by a series of initiatives designed to increase the use of biogas. These include continued tax relief to promote biogas as a heating fuel, and the introduction on July 1, 2018 of a scheme offering a 10,000 kronor bonus for anyone purchasing a gas-powered vehicle.
Biogas and natural gas are transported in the same network at the same time. Companies located along the transmission network can opt to switch completely to biogas - a move already made by several food companies and restaurants - or they can make a more staged changeover.
One of the companies involved in the Gas Barometer is the municipal energy company Göteborg Energi, where power at its Rya CHP plant is generated in part with the aid of biogas.
“Making the gradual transition to fossil-free heat production is an obvious move for us. Many customers, both private individuals and companies, are looking for sustainable solutions,” said Martin Brink, Portfolio Manager, Göteborg Energi.
Fact file, Gas Barometer: Swedegas is the driving force behind the Gas Barometer initiative, which is designed to monitor how the volume of biogas in the Swedish gas transmission network is expanding. The Gas Barometer indicates how much of the gas being traded via the network is biogas, and the sectors in which there is a demand. It also acts as a measure of the extent to which different marketing activities and political decisions are having an impact on demand.
The aim is for 30 per cent of the gas to be renewable by 2030, and 100 per cent by 2050. The initiative is being implemented together with the five companies that trade in gas: Göteborg Energi, Modity, E.ON, Ørsted and Axpo.
Fact file, Swedegas: Swedegas is an infrastructure company that invests in smart energy systems. The company owns the gas transmission network, transporting energy to distributors and directly connected customers. Extending from Dragør in Denmark to Stenungsund in Sweden, the network supplies 33 municipal areas with gas, as well as industrial enterprises, combined heat and power plants, and filling stations. Swedegas is in the process of developing a new infrastructure to handle biogas, hydrogen gas and liquefied gas (LNG/LBG). The company neither produces nor trades in gas.
For further information, please contact Saila Horttanainen, Swedegas, on +46 (0)70 622 76 06